The requirement for governance does exist at any point where a group of individuals comes as one with the aim of accomplishing a given target. It is the governance that determines an individual who has power, those who make decisions, how to allow the voice of other persons be heard and lastly how the account is rendered. Finally, the application of impressive governance plays a vital role in enabling people to realize the countries, organizations and the institution’s aims and objectives. For example, large groups make the process of making decisions more complicated. It creates an entity to enhance the process. The members of the group delegate a great portion of the decision-making responsibility to this quorum or entity. Governance is all about the strategic aspects of making great decisions and steering both the roles and the directions. It can be asserted that governance is not neat or simple because by nature it can be tentative, messy, fluid and unpredictable. Therefore governance is not driven by an individual alone but by a group of people having the same goals and objectives. Also, governance involves making policies. Public policies tend to give directions and the goals to the members involved.

Importance of public policy

Public policy is most significant because strategic decisions and choices are initiated by those individuals who are in power. The decision made affects almost every aspect of daily life such as the healthcare, education, and the national security. The decisions regarding public policy are often made and summarize all government levels. Some of the public policies decisions are made at the local level of government while some are made by policy makers and county officials at the international and national levels. The policies that are initiated and implemented by the officials at all levels of government determines and establishes procedures, rules and regulations that drive or guide the activities undertaken by the citizens within their jurisdiction. The policies are often made to enhance and better the health, wellbeing, and safety of citizen’s. Also, it can set the educational standards in institutions, housing facilities, and transportation operations.

Public policies made are always concerned with the long term and short term issues which include coordinating and controlling efforts of providing relief foods in areas that are prone to natural calamities or to reduce concerns related to economic which is produced by a sudden downturn in the market. Public policies are applicable in the areas such as water use, education, revenue generations, public health engineering, health, and environment and mining. The public policies are initiated by officials who are voted into the office for the specific period by the citizens. The public policies influence the short-term issues as well as their intractable and complex issues that take place in several areas and are carried out from one generation to the other. The public policies provide some norms in the society for behavior and also struggle to enhance the quality of life for individuals

Public policies significantly capture the main aim of the government. A country cannot exist without policies hence any governance. To govern the country, there must be a series of guidelines. Policies provide the directions and the guidelines in every activity that is undertaken in every economic, political and the social sector. Also, the policies give a chance the public to measure the aims and goals of the government. Policies can be critiqued, and the government may be pulled up for not initializing and implementing policies. A document for policy lists the aims of the government for a given department in the government for instance, the educational sectors. This department must comprehend what the short term and the long term goals of the institution are. Most of the countries experience high dropout rates due to teenage pregnancies, poor performance in school and poor literacy. Therefore there are greater numbers of students who are outside the school than those who pursue the education without any challenge. The government, therefore, must enhance the initiative activities in school that will assist and enhance the education of students. Good governance results into a great performance in schools and maximization of government resources enhancing the growth and development of the country’s economy. Moreover, the addition of more policies about the economic development of the country must be observed addressed and strengthen. For example the introduction of innovative schemes in the sector of education, the government has not been in a position to encourage and motivate parents to send their children to school. It means that more addition of incentives and interventions are needed in most school institutions in order to make education offered as for all and it should become a reality.

Governance is important in the public sector, and it needs to be taken into account the constitutional accountability, legal and the responsibilities. In the sector of non-governmental, representation of stakeholder’s interests and opinions might be a determining factor in the kind or type of governance to be applied. Even within the shape, size, function, and the form do vary vastly from one generation to the other. The officials who work in the governance field operates in the area where a given size will not make to fit the other. Great policies that assist the progress of the country must be set and strategized well and firmly. More so, officials must contact the citizens and educate them about the policy. Educating citizens about a given policy will necessitate its implementations. Also, individuals who make decisions must absorb and include in the process of the decision-making process. The decision makers will then be accountable to those officials for the production process and the organization’s output. The policies made must be equity to all genders. In that, all women and men have the same opportunities to better or maintain their day to day life. There should be fairness in the legal frameworks where it should be enforced impartiality and fairness.

The public and the leaders have a long-term and broad perspective on human development and governance that is good along with a sense of what is required for such desired development. Good and productive governance does mediate various interests to reach an acceptable consensus on what seems to be the best interest of the group, procedures and policies. All women and men should be given a chance in decision-making process either through intermediate legitimacy institutions which air their intentions or directly. The broad participation must be built on freedom of speech and association plus the capabilities to participate and take part constructively. Transparency must also be upheld. It is built from the free flow of data and information. Institutions, processes and information’s must output the results that satisfy the needs while maximizing the resources.